Pastoral Commentary for Deuteronomy 4:41-5:33
Author: Pastor Bob Nordlie
In this section of Deuteronomy Moses reiterates the giving of the Law by God on Mount Sinai to His chosen people Israel. Moses reminded the people, "At that time I stood between the LORD and you to declare to you the word of the LORD, because you were afraid of the fire and did not go up the mountain." God's holiness and justice always sparks fear in the heart of sinful people. Therefore, "the law was put into effect through angels by a mediator" (Galatians 3:19). Moses was the mediator of the Old Covenant, but Jesus is the Mediator of the New Covenant. Paul tells us, "there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus" (1 Timothy 2:5). When the Ten Commandments given by God to Israel were broken by His people, He supplied the Mediator who would make us right with God. "For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance - now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant" (Hebrews 9:15). The people of Israel told Moses, "Go near and hear all that the LORD our God will say and speak to us all that the LORD our God will speak to you, and we will hear and do it." Neither they nor we have heard and done what God commands. Thank God, then, for Jesus, the one Mediator who has truly made us right with God by His death for our sins. With His grace in our lives we can begin to "walk in the way of the Lord and not turn aside to the right hand or to the left."