Pastoral Commentary for Deuteronomy 14:22-16:8
Author: Pastor Bob Nordlie
God's people were commanded to give a tithe of everything their fields produced each year to the Lord. In this way they were to honor the Lord. This was also God's way of providing for the Levites who served the Lord and had no allotment of land for their own. In the New Testament Jesus told his disciples who went ahead of Him to: "Stay in that house, eating and drinking whatever they give you, for the worker deserves his wages (Luke 10:7). And Paul continued this practice, telling Timothy: "The elders who direct the affairs of the church well are worthy of double honor, especially those whose work is preaching and teaching. For the Scripture says, 'Do not muzzle the ox while it is treading out the grain,'and 'The worker deserves his wages'" (1 Timothy 5:17-18). Every seven years debts were to be cancelled between fellow Israelites. God's people were to be openhearted and openhanded toward the poor. They were to set free anyone who had sold himself as a slave every seventh year. The firstborn of the herds and flocks were to be sacrificed to the Lord and consumed in His presence, since God spared the firstborn of Israel. In the same way, Israel was to remember God's redemption of His people by celebrating the Passover every year. In the New Testament, Jesus transformed the Passover into the Lord's Supper.